The chest muscle may not be able to reach far enough to cover this area. In addition, self-funded insurance plans, such as that often offered by unions, which fall under federal ERISA guidelines, also did not have such protection. Some investigators, such as Carlisle and coworkers, maintain that geographic variation in utilization of surgical services is significantly associated with differences in ethnicity and socioecominic status across regions. I have been diagnosed with breast cancer and plan to have a mastectomy. Emotional impact Most women have a period of emotional adjustment after breast reconstruction. This is especially important after radiation therapy.
Breast Reconstruction Practices in North America: Current Trends and Future Priorities
Women's Health and Cancer Rights Act - Wikipedia
How many hospital stays are needed? Talk with your health care provider about activities to avoid and when you can get back to your normal routine. Upon contacting her insurance carrier, her reconstructive surgeon, Dr. Many women who develop breast cancer have no known risk factors other than simply being women. Evidence of low utilization of breast reconstruction also was reported in a statewide study by Polednak Passage of this legislation marked the culmination of intensive lobbying efforts by breast cancer survivors, clinicians, researchers, and policy makers to ensure coverage by health care payers of breast reconstruction following mastectomy. Breast and nipple changes can be a sign of breast cancer.
Paying for Reconstruction Procedures
Many women who get radiation therapy to the reconstruction have chronic tightness and stiffness in the chest and upper arm areas [ ]. For example, if the breast cancer is close to the nipple and areola, the nipple and areola are removed during surgery to ensure all of the tumor is removed. On the other hand, women may know that reconstruction is available but may not be aware that it is a financially viable option.
As patients and plastic surgeons have discovered much to their disappointment in the last 5 years, the WHCRA is riddled with loopholes. The long-term results of this technique, and how it is affected by radiation therapy to the breast for example, the risk of capsular contracture, a hardening of the tissues around the implant , are not known at this time. Among those declining managed care and third-party plans for reconstruction, the primary reason given was inadequate reimbursement.